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S this public sphere strongly to classical Liberalism which supported the ideals of individual rights but only insofar as those rights were tied to property ownership and freedom of ideas information expression and assemblyOne of the things I find most fascinating about Habermas description of the public sphere
And Its Liberal Is its partisans is anti democratic this sphere and philosophy was an anti democratic tendency revived today in neoliberalism at least by the etymological definition of democracy the authority of the people The late Liberal era developed or seized upon the idea of representative democracy precisely as a way of preventing non property owners women the working classes and the poor from effectively engaging in politics The idea was and I think we see this in how contemporary US and UK politics runs that if the people could only vote for leaders rather than vote on issues then effective power would remain in the hands of property owners because they would have the leisure time and education to construct political platforms in essence we et to endorse someone s platform rather than having our own opinions on issuesOriginal Review I didn t et all the way through this book but I read a decent sized chunk of it considering how much other stuff I had to do this week I read this for a class But I think I ot the major idea Habermas argues that the rise of a specifically bourgeois public sphere as opposed to the ancient and feudal conceptions of publicness was based in the rise of critical rational debate or in the age of reason He argues that the bourgeois public sphere began during the era of the coffee houses and salons when ostensibly anyone could join in discussions of contemporary political economic and philosophical issues based on reason of course in practice access to education leisure and reading material excluded many people from the public realm of debate The thing that I don t understand about this book is how Habermas spends the last hundred pages of it constantly referring back to a previously existing public sphere and analyzing the conseuences of its loss after spending the first half of the book seemingly making clear that there never was a fully functioning public sphere in the strict sense he analyzes how the Greeks and the coffee houses and salons of the 18th century where only able to think of their interests as objectively You Can Make Anything Sad general because the public spheres were smallatekept ponds of discussion composed of people who could only enjoy the supposed separation of their private lives from the public by virtue of their own domination of slaves the penurious masses women the patriachal domination of the conjugal family etc and that once you scratched this surface as happened in the 19th century it was revealed to Legitimation and communication foreshadowed in this lucid study of the origins nature and evolution of public opinion in democratic societie. .
E sphere of life and the Life Leverage government 23 This public sphere was composed of the bourgeoisie m Several important influences on Habermas s work are evident Firstly he borrows many important terms and categories from Kant Hegel and Marx Many of his ways of thinking about the public sphere are explicitly Kantian and he develops Hegel s central category of civil society into the basis from which public opinion emerges Of these Kant is perhaps thereatest influence simply because for Habermas his work represents the fully developed theory of the public sphereThe Marxist cultural theory of the Frankfurt School is also an important influence particularly on the second part of the Structural TransformationThe Frankfurt School was a Bulbophyllums; the Incomplete Guide, From A to WHY? group of philosophers linked to the Institute of Social Research in Frankfurt active from the 1920s on Two of its most famous names were Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno The Frankfurt School adapted Marx s theoriesreatly in order to study modern culture and society They Took The Unorthodox View That The Experience Of Totalitarianism In the unorthodox view that the experience of totalitarianism in Second World War showed that the lower classes or proletariat had become corrupted by mass culture They could no longer act as a revolutionary force Their pessimism about what social force might replace the proletariat increased as the twentieth century progressed Adorno is well known for his critiue of the modern culture industry which manipulated the public creating consumers of the mass media rather than critical readers Habermas draws on this savage criticism of modern society and culture in his treatment of advertising and the pressA personal influence was the German legal scholar Wolfgang Abendroth who supervised Habermas s original thesis at Marburg after it was rejected by Horkheimer and Adorno in Frankfurt Abendroth s work analyzed the relationship between the social welfare principle and the Second Review Habermas
presents a strong case for understanding the history of the public sphere a strong case for understanding the history of the public sphere primarily to the interests of a bourgeois reading class during the Liberal era roughly mid 18th 10th centuries evolving out of a coffeehouse and salon culture and then mutating into different forms "that eroded the rational critical aspect of the public sphere while and by expanding democratic political participationWhat Habermas means " eroded the rational critical aspect of the public sphere while and by expanding democratic political participationWhat Habermas means the public sphere is a rational critical space where educated and propertied which were almost universally the same thing during this period individuals could ather together to discuss issues of common interest literary artistic political economic social etc The central aspect of this public sphere was a debate between educated people which was ostensibly stripped of social rank and deference and conducted entirely on the basis of reasoned arguments He tie. Riod It will be a revelation to those who have known Habermas only through his theoretical writing to find his later interests in problems of. ,
This is the ur text of theory I m lad I read it like I m lad when I eat healthy If this wasn t assigned reading I probably would ve enjoyed this much that or I would ve never picked it up I m lad it s over anyways Part historical overview think the Chartist Movement and the February Revolution part philosophical exploration everyone from Bayle Hobbes
to to Locke part political science debate the social welfare state vs the liberal democracy Jurgen Habermas s TheRousseau to Locke part political science debate the social welfare state vs the liberal democracy Jurgen Habermas s The Transformation of the Public Sphere An Inuiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society delineates the outlines of the author s thesis with care and erudition leading to a work which eases its reader into a discussion of its main elements with rigorousness and supreme clarity Beginning with an initial Demarcation of a Type of Bourgeois Public Sphere the book Its a Lat Lat Lat Lat World goes on to outline the role the traditional bourgeois family had through its cultivation of interiority and concommitant engagement with the public sphere on informing and creating a rational critical informed analysis and dialogue with the political public sphere De Habermas bourgeois pubic sphere is a seminal contribution to the Frankfurt School okay yes its dense and wordy and translated fromerman but it kind of is like a political sociology epic poem smash together my high school modern european history class from high school with my freshman year college political philosophy course with the word bourgeois sprinkled throughout and you The Infinite Air get a flavor its fun to watch the public sphere evolve from feudalism to high industrial capitalism era i m sure i didntlean whole swaths of it but what i did et i enjoyed Habermas you re a helluva humanist thinker I can t complain about the man s motives this is the sort of ualitative commentary that stands on its own merits rather than feeling like the speculations of some dude in a bourgeois university position in Paris or New YorkBut when he tries to claim that the public sphere has degenerated from its role in the early capitalist era I have to uestion Habermas work To what extent did this public sphere play a role in the expansion of justice and to what extent did it simply protect its own neck Looking for a Golden Age is almost always a bad idea and I m afraid Habermas slips into this trap His analysis of how consumers receive rather than debate culture remains provocative however Retold in fairy tale language for a class assignmentIn a distant past there existed a feudal society and in this society there was not yet a public sphere In fact public referred to nobility and everyone else was common 6 However with the rise of capitalism and the bourgeois class came the commercial trade in news 15 and a public sphere began to emerge between the privat. This is Jürgen Habermas's most concrete historical sociological book and one of the key contributions to political thought in the postwar pe. ,